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Horizontaal
South and central America: Aztec people 
Aztec Aztecs of Mexico and their history. Religion, culture, medicine, language, On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistadors first entered the great city of Mexico, the metropolis the Aztecs had built on a lake island. Don Hernando Cortes, ...
Aztec
Aztecs at Mexicolore!
Aztec Calendar the Aztec Calendar, The Pointer of the Aztec Calendar, The Venus Pattern in the Pointer, At the center of the pointer of the Aztec Calendar there appears the face of Tonatiuh, the Sun, ...
Aztec Empire For five centuries, North Americans have been fascinated and intrigued by stories of the magnificent Aztec Empire. This extensive Mesoamerican Empire was in its ascendancy during the late Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Centuries, ...
Aztec god Quetzalcoatl Aztec god Quetzalcoatl
Aztec images New Mexico, Aztec National Monument
Aztec manuscripts Aztec manuscripts
Aztecs Aztec Chronology
Aztecs Origins, Malinalco, Tenayuca Pyramid, Tenochtitlan, Moctezuma, Expansionism, Triple Alliance, Archaeological Sites in Mexico City
Aztecs & the Spanish conquest on November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistadors first entered the great city of Mexico, the metropolis the Aztecs had built on a lake island
Azteken Azteken, Mexico, pre-culumbiaans, Tenochtitlan, in Dutch
How are the prehispanic calendars interpreted?
Moctezuma Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin
Quetzalcoatl he's that feathered serpent of ancient Mexico, the man, the myth, the legend
Quetzalcoatl Quetzalcoatl ("feathered serpent" or "plumed serpent") is the Nahuatl name for the Feathered-Serpent deity of ancient Mesoamerican culture, ...
Tiahuanaco and the deluge
Tlahuica cultures of Morelos the Tlahuica were one of the Aztec peoples of central Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest (AD 1521).
Xochipilli
Horizontaal
South and central America: Inca people 
Andes Andes related articles and photo galleries, featuring history and prehistory writings, photo galleries of ruins and scenery
Andes expedition -  searching for Inca secrets return to the peaks of South America with anthropologist Johan Reinhard, who found the famous ice maiden in 1995, Inca mummy, Peru, Inca, Andes
Choquequirao Choquequirao photos
Choquequirao Choquequirao photos
Choquequirao pdf file
Cusco, Capital of Incas
Cuzco: capital of the Incas Cuzco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province
Cuzco Capital of the Incas & Machuu Pichuu - The Lost City, and surrounding ruins
Ice mummies of the Inca (NOVA)
Ice treasures of the Inca
Ice treasures of the Inca human sacrifices are very rare, and this is one of only about a half dozen ever to be excavated scientifically
Inca Architecture Inca Architecture
Incas
Inca trail and Machu Picchu Inca Trail is a walking route that leads through the mountains above the Urubamba river, following (at least partly) the course of an old Inca roadway leading to the city of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu photo Machu Picchu photo
Machu Picchu Rediscover Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu Machu Picchu is a city located high in the Andes Mountains in modern Peru. It lies 43 miles northwest of Cuzco at the top of a ridge, hiding it from the Urabamba gorge below, ...
Machu Picchu a city located high in the Andes mountains in modern Peru. It lies 43 miles northwest of Cuzco at the top of a ridge, hiding it from the Urabamba gorge below
Machu Picchu views of Machu Picchu, Perú's lost city of the Incas
Machu Picchu’s Observatory Machu Picchu’s Observatory: the Re-Discovery of Llactapata and its Sun-Temple
Machu Picchu: photos & text Machu Picchu pages
Machu Picchu: photos
Pisaq photo Pisaq photo
Pisaq photo gallery views of Pisaq, a set of several ruins in Peru's Valley of the Incas
Pisaq photo gallery Pisaq and Ollantaytambo, The Sacred Valley of Inca, "new" and "old" Pisaq, Ollantaytambo
Saxsayhuaman photo gallery views of Saxsayhuaman, the greatest monument of the Incas
Saxsayhuaman
Saxsayhuaman
Urubamba: The Sacred Valley of the Incas Urubamba: The Sacred Valley of the Incas
 
South and central America: Mayan people 
Chichen Itza Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala and extending into the limestone shelf of the Yucatan peninsula lie the mysterious temples and pyramids of the Maya, ...
Chichen Itza views of Chichen Itza, an archaeological site in Yucatan, Mexico, Chichen Itza images
Copan
Copan
Copan Copan is the name by which the site has been known since 1576, the Copan Emblem
Copán in the Decipherment of Maya Hieroglyphic Writing Copán ranks among the most important of Maya sites for many reasons, but foremost among these is its vast number of hieroglyphic texts
Copán Ruins
Images of the Maya Images of the Maya
Lost King of the Maya using ancient hieroglyphs and new excavations, archeologists investigate the rise and fall of the majestic city of Copan
Maya: Mystery of the Maya  The Maya are probably the best-known of the classical civilizations of Mesoamerica. Originating in the Yucatán around 2600 B.C., they rose to prominence around A.D. 250 in present-day southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize and western Honduras, ...
Maya archaeology Mayan, Olmec, Teotihuacan art, architecture, deities, hieroglyphic writing
Maya calendar the Maya calendar was the center of Maya life and their greatest achievement
Maya history on Ambergris and surrounding area
Mayan art Mayan art
Mayan epigraphic project classic Mayan epigraphic research
Mayan glyphs and arhcitecture Mayan hieroglyphic writing, how to write your name in Mayan, virtual reality Mayan buildings, Maya calendar, Mayan glyph images, Maya culture, Inuk, Inuktituk, Greenland, Nunavat, pyramid, Uxmal, Chichen Itza, Bonampak, bloodletting, precolumbian, mesoamerica, huitlacoche
Maya civilization - past & present Maya, native american, stories, story, legends, myths, tales, culture, literature, guatemala, chiapas
Mayan ruins page a photographic tour of Mayan archaeological sites, with interactive maps, Tikal, Uxmal, Calakmul, Campeche, Puuc Hills, Peten, Rio Bec ruins, Yucatan, Chicanna, Dzibilnocac, Kohunlich, Labna, Lamanai, Sayil, Xpujil, Xunantunich
Maya sites
Maya: Yaxuná Project The Yaxuná Project
Palenque Palenque: temple of the inscriptions and group of the cross
Palenque
Palenque Palenque is a ruin city that is part of the Maya civilization that dates back to 100 BC to its fall around 800 BC. It is located on the western edge of the Maya empire near the present-day city of Chiapas, Mexico
Tulum in Mexico images
Virtual Palenque Maya ruins of Palenque, Mexico
 
South and central America: Olmec people 
Olmeca-Xicalanca Olmeca-Xicalanca images
Olmec art
OLMEC ART AT DUMBARTON OAKS Pre-Columbian Art at Dumbarton Oaks, pdf file
Olmecs During the Pre-classic period between 1200 BC-600 AD, the Olmec were the most prevalent group in Mesoamerica. The Olmec resided around the regions of La Venta in Tabasco, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan and Laguna de los Cerros in Veracruz
Olmec: Nubians and Olmecs
Olmecs the Olmec Indians had a civilization along the Gulf coast in what is now southern Mexico from about 1200-300 BC
Olmec World
 
South and central America: other cultures 
Amahuaca: Amazon tribe of Peru
Ayacucho The Ayacucho Basin is located within central Peru and consists of several archeological sites which date from 23,000 B.C. to 1470 AD
AymaraNet the Aymaras in Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Ecuador
Belize
Canela Indians Brazil's Canela Indians, the Canela Native Americans of Central Brazil live in grassy, open woodlands with stream-edge forests. They inhabit an area between the wet Amazon basin and the dry Northeast
Caral: the oldest city of the Americas
Chanchan The capital of Chimu, Chan Chan, is dated from 1000 to about 1400 A.D. The site of Chan Chan is located in the Moche Valley, about 300 miles north of Lima
Chilca valley: Peru Chilca Valley lies on the western coast of Peru, surrounded by the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, called the puna zone
Chupícuaro
El Tajin photo gallery the Classic Veracruz civilization, which flourished from AD 600 to AD 900
Garifuna people of Belize the Garifuna, descended from shipwrecked Africans
Huichol the Huichol of Mexico, their culture, symbolism and art, The Huichol are an indigenous ethnic group of Western Central Mexico that live in the Sierra Madre Occidental, in the states of Nayarit and Jalisco
Huichol of Mexico, their culture, symbolism and art Huichol of Mexico, their culture, symbolism and art
Ice mummies
Izapa Izapa was a very large pre-Columbian site located in Chiapas, Mexico, often placed in the Late Formative period. The site is situated on the Suchiate River and also near the base of the volcano Tacaná, which is the second largest mountain in Mexico, ...
Izapa views of Izapan stelae and ceramics. Izapa, an ancient mound/stelae complex in Mesoamerica, is located on the Pacific Coast piedmont along the Mexico-Guatemala border next to the International Bridge a few miles from Tapachula
Kuna Indians in Panama
Leimebamba: Home of the Mummies Leimebamba: Home of the Mummies
Lost cave people the program follows an international group of archeologists, who ventured into the Chiapas region of Mexico in 1997 to search for the remains of a little-known civilization that preceded the Maya
Lords of Copan
Mapuche indians Mapuche Indians in Chile Struggle to Take Back Forests
Mapuche indians Mapuche are the original Amerindian inhabitants of Central and Southern Chile and Southern Argentina. They were known as Araucanos (Araucanians) by the Spaniards but this is now considered pejorative by the people
Marco Gonzales the Marco Gonzalez Maya Site is located near the southern tip of Ambergris Caye. It was first recorded archaeologically in 198% by Dr. Elizabeth Graham and Dr. David M. Pendergast, and was named by them after their local guide
Mixtec Codices
Nazca culture The Nazca culture flourished in the Nazca region between 300 BC and 800 AD. They created the famous Nazca lines and built an impressive system of underground aqueducts that still function today, ...
Nasca lines Nazca is one of the most famous archaeological sites in South America. It is located on the coastal plain of southern Peru, from Chincha to Acari valleys
Nasca lines
Nazca: Peru
Nazca The Water Lines of Nazca
Plants of the Machiguenga
Rosalila's temple Rosalila's temple, the discovery of ROSALILA (LILYROSE), which is a temple beneath another temple
Teotihuacan Teotíhuacán: The City of the Gods
Teotihuacan the greatest ancient city in North America
Teotihuacan Teotihuacan, commonly translated from the Nahuatl as "City of the Gods", is organized around this central axis, now called the "Avenue of the Dead"
Teotihuacan Teotihuacan home page, Patlachique, Tzacualli, Miccaotli, Tlamimilolpa, Xolalpan, and Metepec
The Ancient Walls
Tiahuanaco Tiahuanaco, near the shores of Lake Titicaca, was the center of a powerful, self-sustaining empire in the southern Central Andes, ...
Tiwanaku The Tiwanaku were settled by 400 B.C. on the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca. The main center developed into a bustling city, constructed with many terraced platform pyramids, ...
Tiwanaku The prehistoric city of Tiwanaku is located on the southern shore of the famous Lake Titicaca along the border between Bolivia and Peru
Tiwanaku photo gallery views of Tiwanaku, the ruins of an ancient city near the south shore of Lake Titicaca
Toltec Culture
Toltecs Toltecs
Totonacs
Tula View of Tula Hidalgo
Xochicalco The site of Xochicalco is located on a hilltop in Morelos, with defensive walls and terracing along most of the hillside. This site, like Cacaxtla, shows the tell-tale signs of warfare and widespread culture contact after the fall of Teotihuacan, ...
Xochicalco photos and description, The site of Xochicalco, in modern Morelos, participated in a Terminal and Postclassic communication sphere with sites such as Chichén Itzá, Tula, and Cacaxtla
Xochicalco only photos, ancient city, pyramids
Xochicalco photos
Xochicalco photos
Xochicalco photos Morelos, Xochicalco
Xochicalco Xochicalco is a Pre-Columbian archeological site in the western part of the Morelos, Mexico. The name "Xochicalco" means "In the house of Flowers" in the Nahuatl language, ...
Zapotecs
Zapotecs much of Zapotec history centers on the large archaeological site of Monte Alban. The site was first occupied some time between 800 and 400 B.C., probably by Zapotecs from the outset

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